What is NFPA?
NFPA ( National Fire Protection Association) : The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) is a United States trade association, albeit with some international members, that creates and maintains private, copyrighted, standards and codes for usage and adoption by local governments. This includes publications from model building codes to the many on equipment utilized by firefighters while engaging in hazardous material (hazmat) response, rescue response, and some firefighting.
What is FM?
FM (Factory Mutual): Is an independent technical unit of FMI (Factory Mutual Insurance) company who insures private and large risks that is giving approval to materials and systems performance.
What is UL?
UL (Underwriters Laboratories): World’s largest, non-profit product safety testing and certification organizatin with global name recognition and acceptance. Founded in 1894 in the US, it permits the use of its listing mark (the UL mark) as its stamp of approval on goods and materials after standardized and stringent testing. Thereafter its inspectors regularly visit the producer to audit compliance with its certification requirements. UL has some 46 laboratories and 200 inspection centers in over 70 countries and applies its 750 standards to more than 18 thousand types of products manufactured by about 60 thousand firms.